Telangana Haritha Haram or Haritha Haram is a large-scale government tree-planting program of the Telangana Government to increase the present 24% tree cover in the southern Indian State to 33% of the total geographical area.
The program was formally launched by Telangana Chief Minister, Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao on July 3rd which is one of the Telangana Flagship programme Rejuvenating degraded forests, protecting these forests from smuggling, encroachment, fire, and grazing as well as utilizing intensive soil and moisture conservation measures following the watershed approach.
Major Fillip is sought to be given to Social Forestry for achieving the second objective. In the areas outside the notified forest, massive planting activities will be taken up in areas such as; road-side avenues, river and canal banks, barren hills, tank bunds and foreshore areas, institutional premises, religious places, housing colonies, community lands, municipalities, industrial parks, etc. National Forest Policy of India envisages a minimum of 33% of the total geographical area under forest cover to maintain environmental stability and ecological balance, that are vital for the sustenance of all life-forms, whether it be human, animal, or plant.The main target of Haritha Haram is to plant 230 crores of plants in Telangana.
It is aimed to plant 230.00 crores of seedlings under Telanganaku Haritha Haaram Programme. It has full of corporation from cm of Telangana. Out of 230.00 crores of seedlings, 120.00 crores of seedlings will be planted outside the notified forest areas. 10.00 crores of seedlings will be in and around the Hyderabad City (Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation and Hyderabad Metro Development Authority) areas and a balance of 100.00 crores of seedlings will be achieved through rejuvenation of degraded natural forest. It is aimed to plant 40,000 seedlings in each village and 40.00 lakhs of seedlings in each assembly constituency for every year.
Planning and implementation
For an effective implementation of the Program, specific duties and responsibilities are assigned to different committees. These committees are doing regular field inspections and monitoring the ongoing plantation and nursery works. The committees are
- State Level Steering Committee
- District Level Monitoring and Co-ordination Committee
- In the Village level, Haritha Rakshana Committees formed to monitor the program under the Chairmanship of Gram Sarpanch.
- Latest technology has been used to monitor the seedling planted through geotagging. Forest Department is monitoring the survival percentage by posting the details on the Department website.
The department websites are
The different planting models are 1. Avenue Plantation 2. Block Plantation 3. Institutional Plantation 4. Tank Fore Shore Plantation (TFS) 5. HomeStead Plantation 6. Agro/ Farm Forestry Plantation 7. Barren Hill Afforestation etc.,
1. Avenue Plantation:- Under this model, tall plants will be planted along the National Highway roads, State Highway roads and streets of villages and towns. The species are to be planted are Silver oak, Kanuga, Neem, Raavi, Marri, Neredu, Rain Tree, Gulmohar, Peltophorum, spathodia, etc.,
2. Block Plantation:- Under this model planting will be taken up in waste lands, common lands and Panchayat lands, . These plantations will be raised in the vicinity of villages to meet the fuel, fodder and MFP needs of the people. The species are to be planted are Albizia, Acacias, Sisso, Neredu, Sundra, Chinduga, Subabool, Glyricidia, etc., planting will be taken up by the concerned departments. After planting the plantations will be handed over to Gram Panchayat for further Maintenance.
3. Institutional Plantation:- Under this model planting will be taken up in the Schools, Colleges, Government Institutions, Hospitals, Graveyards and Private Institutions, Industries, etc.,. The species are to be raised are Neem, Kanuga,Neredu, Maredu, Rela, Gulmohar, Rain tree, Badam, Peltophorum, etc., planting will be taken up by the concerned departments. For protection and watering will be responsibility of institutes and the best institute will be awarded.
4. Tank Fore Shore Plantation:- Under this Model, planting will be taken up in the Tank Fore Shores. The species are to be raised are Nalla Thumma, Kanuga, Neredu, Arjuna etc., Planting will be taken up by the concerned departments incharge of the Mandal. After planting the plantations will be handed over to Gram Panchayat for further Maintenance.
5. Home Stead Plantation:- Under this model planting will be taken up in and around the Houses and colonies to meet the needs of the Household. The species are to be planted are Neredu, Seethaphal, Usiri, Pappaya, Guva, Neem, Maredu, Soapnut, Badam, Munaga and Medicinal Plants etc., Planting will be taken up by the people, seedlings will be supplied & they will be motivated to plant and maintain.
6. Agro Forestry Plantation: Under this model planting will be taken up in the Farm lands. The species are to be planted are Teak, Red Sanders, Tamarind, Munaga, Bombax, Eucalyptus, Bamboo, Subabool, etc., Planting will be taken up by the farmers, seedlings will be supplied & they will be motivated to plant and maintain.
7. Barren Hill Afforestation: Under this model planting will be taken up on Barren Hillocks in order to green the area. Very hardy and pioneer species like Sissoo, Acacia, Nemali Nara, Kanuga, etc., . Planting will be taken by the concerned departments. . After planting the plantations will be handed over to Gram Panchayat for further Maintenance.
Highlights and Achievements
After formation of Telangana State, preparatory works started in the year 2014-15 by raising 38.63 crore seedlings. The 1st phase of Telangana Ku Haritha Haram Programme was launched on 3 July 2015 by the Hon’ble Chief Minister from Rangareddy District. 15.86 crore seedlings could be planted during the year 2015-2016 due to adverse seasonal conditions and deficient rainfall.
The 2nd phase of Telangana Ku Harithaharam was launched by the Hon’ble Chief Minister on 08.07.2016 from Hyderabad to Vijayawada National Highway by taking up a record of avenue plantation in the country in one day, covering an extent of 186 Kilometers in one go. Total 31.67 crores seedlings were planted in the state during the year 2016 planting season. In the year 2017, it is contemplated to plant 40.00 crore seedlings in the state.
Development of Urban lung spaces
Forest blocks adjacent to major cities and towns are being developed into urban parks which are acting as urban lung spaces for the local people. So far, 24 urban blocks have been developed
Seed bombing Technique
During this year 2017 planting season the new concept of seed bombing has been introduced under Telanganaku Haritha Haram to take up greenary on slopes, hillocks and remote areas. Seed balls are prepared with earth, manure and other nutrients.
Awards to the participants
To encourage the spirit of competition and to recognise the contribution made in successful implementation of Telanganaku Haritha Haaram, the Government have constituted “Telangana Haritha Mithra Awards” to award to different stake holders including individuals, public representatives, NGOs, Government organizations, Corporate, Rural and Urban bodies. The first year awards have been distributed on 15 August 2016. Recently, the Government have constituted “Telangana State Excellence Award (T-Ex Awards)” to recognise exemplary public services rendered by the civil servants in which Haritha Haaram has also been included. The state Government proposed “Telangana Haritha Mitra Award” to following categories:
A. Individuals 1. General 2.Peoples representatives 3.Forest Department 4.Rural Development Department 5. Other Govt. Departments
B. Institutions / Organisation: 1.Best District 2.Best Gram Panchayats 3.Best Municipality 4.Best Corporation 5.Best Mandal 6.Best Elementary School 7.Best High School 8.Best Junior College 9. Bëst Degree College 10.Best Technical College 11.Best University 12.Best Corporate Body 13. GHMC -1st Best ward 14.GHMC - 2nd Best Ward 15. GHMC - 3rd Best Ward 16.Best Govt. Department
Telangana Haritha Mitra Award to be given at State Level and at District Level every year in each category.
The second phase of Telanganaku Haritha Haram (TKHH) programme of mass plantation of saplings got off to a colourful start in Karimnagar town on Friday.
The pleasant cloudy atmosphere and intermittent mild showers had come as a blessing for the massive plantation programme in various parts of the town. The programme was launched with a massive colourful cultural rally from the Collectorate office to Circus Grounds, which was flagged off by Minister for Finance and Civil Supplies Etala Rajender in the presence of Karimnagar MP B. Vinod Kumar, MLA G. Kamalakar, Mayor S. Ravinder Singh, Collector Neetu Prasad, and other district officials. All the dignitaries lead the rally to Circus Grounds.
Cultural artists performed amid drum beats and empowered the people about the importance of plantation for the protection of nature.
Similarly, some women performed the ‘kolatam’ dance.
Later, the dignitaries participated in the plantation drive at the Circus grounds, Sri Gidde Perumandla Swamy devasthanam in Rampur, and also on the shores of LMD reservoir on the outskirts of Karimnagar town.
Speaking on the occasion, the Minister said that some people have destroyed Mother Nature for their selfish gains in the name of development.
He called upon all sections of society to take up plantation and nurture them as their children for bearing fruits in the future. Plants consume carbon dioxide and providing oxygen for the survival of mankind.
Mr. Rajender also administered pledge to all the participants for the protection of nature by taking up plantation of saplings.
Similarly, the members of the Telangana Physicians Association, API Karimnagar chapter, also took up plantation and distribution of saplings to their patients.
They distributed pamphlets detailing the importance of plants and its protection for a healthy living.
TPA leaders D. Raghuraman, Tirupathi Rao, and Sesha Shailaja were also present.