1960s Civil Rights Movement Summary Essay

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On December 1st, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the front of a bus to a white man. It was this simple act of defiance that, arguably, began the Civil Rights movement which lasted from 1955 through the 1960’s and altered the face of our nation forever. Following the arrest of Rosa Parks for her simple denial, African Americans in Montgomery began boycotting the bus system, one of the first major stands against racism in the 1950’s. On the heels of the Brown v. Board of Education segregation trial which had ruled in favor of school integration, this boycott, which proved successful after the seat separation was removed, effectively began the civil rights movement with which we are now so familiar…show more content…

For the first time, many people realized that the United States could become a land without racial discrimination.” The temporary integration of European and American cultures during the war led to the spread of mainstream ideals and governing policies back home in the States. Another primary reason for the explosion of the civil rights movement was the introduction of the GI Bill after the war. The GI Bill granted WWII veterans new educational opportunities and greater chances for economic stability or prosperity. “Thousands of African-American veterans took advantage of this benefit and then discovered after graduating from college that whites received better-paying jobs.” Encouraged by their new educations and optimistic for the future, many African Americans were let down when they found that even with a college education, equality was still far off. The GI Bill, which they had viewed as a “way out” of poverty and, hopefully, discrimination, had done nothing but accentuate the blatant racism still popular in America. The perceived failure of the GI Bill and the knowledge that European Blacks had greater civil rights than those in America was causing a large amount of discomfort in African American society. They had a cause to fight for and now all they needed was someone to lead them into battle. Enter: Martin Luther King Jr. “During the 1950s and the early 1960s, Martin Luther King, Jr.,

The Civil Rights Movement in the 1960’s Essay

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African Americans have been struggling for equality for many decades. It only seems that during the 1960?s is when there were actual significant advances made. This was about the same time that civil rights came into the political scene. Throughout the South, Blacks were still in the majority, but had no political power what so ever. The Civil Rights Movement gave African Americans a voice and a chance to make a difference. The 1960's helped open up hope and expectations for Black Americans.

One of the most prominent men of his time, Martin Luther King Jr. was known as ?A national hero and a civil rights figure of growing importance? (Discovering 1). ?Martin Luther King Jr. aroused whites and blacks to protest racial…show more content…

wanted to fight racism with love and Malcolm X wanted blacks to fight back when they were attacked. ?He was one of the most fiery and controversial blacks of the twentieth century? (Discovering 1). ?Malcolm X, was regarded as personifying black nationalism? (Civil 117). ?Malcolm was known for his incisive analysis on the problems of American democracy and the limitations of the intergrationalist Civil Rights Movement? (Civil 116). He believed that black men must reject Western society standards and develop their own society and ethical standards (Colliers 143). He established the Organization of Afro-American Unity. He did this in order to try to unify all the black organizations by fighting white racism (Colliers 143). Malcolm wanted to inform blacks about the cultures that had been taken away from them and the self-hatred the whites had inspired (Discovering 1). He wanted to point them to a better way of life. ?The black power movement to instill pride and a sense of self reliance in the African American community? (Compton's 132).

Many organizations helped to throughout the Civil Rights Movement. Many of these organizations were lead by black activist seeking reform. One of the most successful organizations is the NAACP. This stands for the National Association of Colored Advancement. Roy Wilkins was the head of the NAACP during this time (Civil 909). The NAACP purpose was to eliminate racial prejudice by removing racial

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