Essays Animal Rights Issues

Essay/Term paper: Animal rights

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Animal Rights

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Animal Rights


"Isn't man an amazing animal? He kills wildlife--birds, kangaroos, deer,
all kinds of cats, coyotes, groundhogs, mice, foxes and dingoes--by the million
in order to protect his domestic animals and their feed. Then he kills domestic
animals by the billion and eats them. This in turn kills man by the million,
because eating all those animals leads to degenerative--and fatal--health
conditions like heart disease, kidney disease, and cancer. So then man tortures
and kills millions more animals to look for cures for these diseases. Elsewhere,
millions of other human beings are being killed by hunger and malnutrition
because food they could eat is being used to fatten domestic animals. Meanwhile,
some people are dying of sad laughter at the absurdity of man, who kills so
easily and so violently, and once a year sends out cards praying for Peace on
Earth." (Coats, 13)

We need to realize, that in today's society, animals deserve just as
much freedom as humans have. Although we are larger in size, we are not
superior in status. Animals have been around on the earth for as long as humans,
if not longer. Animals play an important role in today's society whether or not
we choose to admit it. Like a newborn baby learning to play with others we must
learn to share the planet with animals.
One of the main issues being disputed today with animal right, is
SUPERIORITY. Over 7 Billion animals die at the hands of humans, in the US,
every year. Out of those 7 Billion animals, about 95% of them are killed for
uses as food. Advocates for animal rights justify their research by presenting
the obvious differences that exist between humans and animals. These include
size, status, strength, and ability. Sometimes, one who is against animal rights
will take the attitude that "God gave them [animals] to us to use." What these
researchers fail to recognize is PAIN. All creatures are capable of feeling
pain. If a creature is capable of experiencing the pain then they too can wish
for the pain to end. That right, along with many others, of animals is being
denied to them even as we speak. Animals have a few basic rights which should
be observed by all, no matter what company or corporation they belong to. These
rights include freedom, the right to live peacefully in their own environment,
the right to receive respect and most importantly, the right to LIFE.
Throughout history it has been noted by many, that humans have gained
their existence from animals. In 1871, Charles Darwin proposed that one species
could evolve from another. He stated that humans had evolved from other
primates, such as apes and monkeys. Darwin related human feelings to those of
animals. By stating that certain human characteristics could be traced back to
animals, Darwin caused much controversy. He was now contradicting the
traditional relationship between human and animal. In a way, almost putting
them both on the same level. This theory questioned all that was believed to be
true in society and made people think about their purpose.
With many of the experiments done today, animals are mistreated
in every way shape and form. Usually, there is a lack of adequate food and
water. Ventilation for the animals is minimal and many times cages are packed
full with animals, leaving very little if any room to move around. On many
occasions, the animal will die throughout the course of the experiment.
Animals are in laboratories, today, because we are powerful enough to keep them
there, not because they truly belong there. Once we have an animal caged and
restrained, we suddenly gain an even greater feeling of superiority over the
animal. No matter what laws exist, experimentation will continue. This is
because the experimenter's imagination is endless. Our containing the animals
can be related to one's enslavery of another human being.
One way in which many domesticated, yet homeless, animals are brought to
laboratories is through Pound Seizure. Pound Seizure is a law which requires
shelters/pounds to sell, "extra" animals to experimenters. As a result of
Pound Seizure, 200,000 stray/homeless cats and dogs die at the hands of
researchers each year. At the moment, there are five states which allow and
have Pound Seizure Laws. Iowa, MN, OK, SD, and UT all allow these practices to
go on legally.
Today, one major reason that the animal rights movement still plays a
minor part in society is IGNORANCE. Many people feel that animal testing does
not exist because they do not see it directly. What they do not realize is that
animal testing is being done by many of the major companies around today.
Colgate, Palmolive, Gillette, Johnson & Johnson, and L'Oreal all test on animals.
One way to get around using these animal tested products is to look for products
that will specifically state "No Animal Testing Done On This Product."
Today, an animal's rights are protected by the Animal Welfare Act which
was passed in 1966. It sets standards for the treatment of animals used in
research, zoos, circuses, and pet stores. It covers housing, food, cleanliness,
and medical care. Although this act covers many animals, mice and rats, which
account for 70% of animals used in testing, are not included, and many animal
rights activists claim that the standards are not strictly enforced. According
to Psychological Abstracts, every year approximately 1-2 million animals are
used for research purposes. About 90% of the animals that are used are rats,
mice, and birds. Presently there are two major animal rights groups around.
They would be PETA and the ASPCA. PETA (People For the Ethical Treatment of
Animals), promotes vegetarianism
"Does Your Food Have A Face?" (Achor, 57) and "cruelty free" products.
PETA attempts to establish and defend the rights of all animals. Their primary
focus is on the factory farms, laboratories and the fur trade, but will also
concern themselves with hunting, fishing, zoos, the circus and other ways in
which animals are used for entertainment purposes. PETA is actively involved in
exposing all the illegal practices used in animal experimentation.
As many new studies continue to come out, more research is pointing to
the conclusion that animal experiments are not always as accurate as we'd like
to think they are. Although some similarities exist, quite a few of the
positive results gotten from animal tests, will backfire when first used by
humans. A commonly used test by researchers is the LD 50. The LD 50 (Lethal
Dose) gets its name because in this experiment 100 animals are taken, and then
subjected to lethel doses of a potentially dangerous chemical or drug. The
dosage is the increased until 50 of the animals die. If the animal is "lucky"
enough to survive, its life will be a total hell. They could end up being
deformed for life. If not deformed than definitely traumatized. After being
subjected to constant pain, punishment, stress and social and emotional
deprivation, the animal might never act the same.
Animal rights is a humane position which looks out for the rights of
others not just humans. It must be understood, that all living beings are
unique expressions of life. They each have their own inherent value, for if
they did not, then why would they exist? We may think that just because animals
do not speak to us, that they do not possess feelings, but they are capable of
feeling pain and suffering. Just like you and me animals have the right to live
their life without exploitation, or unnecessary pain.



"Question: What has billions of legs but still can't run
away?"
"Answer: The 6 Billion animals raised and killed for food every
year in the US." (Achor, 77) This may sound like a funny riddle,
but just remember what, or who, you are eating next time you have
some sort of meat.


 

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Animal Rights Essay

This IELTS animal rights essay discusses the exploitation of animals by humans.

People who believe in animal rights think that they should not be treated cruelly, for example in experiments or for sport.

'To exploit' means to benefit from something in an unfair way.

Take a look at the question:


Discussing 'Two Opinions'

In this essay you are being given two opposing opinions to discuss.

This is the first opinion:

Animals should not be exploited by people and they should have the same rights as humans.

This is the second opinion:

Humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research.

In this type of essay, you must look at both sides. In other words you need to discuss the arguments FOR animal rights and AGAINST.

You must also ensure you give YOUR opinion.




Organizing the Essay

One way to organize an essay like this is to consider both opinions, then give your opinion in a final paragraph (see model essay 4) or dedicate a whole final paragraph to your opinion (see model essay 5).

Another way to write an essay like this is to also make one of the 'for' or 'against' opinions your opinion as well.

Look at the model animal rights essay below. The second body paragraph discusses the first opinion, but the topic sentence makes it clear that this paragraph is also representing the writers opinion as well:

However, I do not believe these arguments stand up to scrutiny.

This now means that in two body paragraphs you have covered all three parts of the question from the animal rights essay:

1. First opinion
2. Second opinion
3. Your opinion

The advantage of doing it this way rather than having a separate paragraph is that you do not need to come up with new ideas for a new paragraph.

If you have a separate paragraph with your opinion you may find you cannot think of any new ideas or you may end up repeating the same things as in your previous paragraphs.




IELTS Writing Example


Animal Rights Essay - Model Answer

Some people believe that animals should be treated in the same way humans are and have similar rights, whereas others think that it is more important to use them as we desire for food and medical research. This essay will discuss both points of view.

With regard to the exploitation of animals, people believe it is acceptable for several reasons. Firstly, they think that humans are the most important beings on the planet, and everything must be done to ensure human survival. If this means experimenting on animals so that we can fight and find cures for diseases, then this takes priority over animal suffering. Furthermore, it is believed by some that animals do not feel pain or loss as humans do, so if we have to kill animals for food or other uses, then this is morally acceptable.

However, I do not believe these arguments stand up to scrutiny. To begin, it has been shown on numerous occasions by secret filming in laboratories via animal rights groups that animals feel as much pain as humans do, and they suffer when they are kept in cages for long periods. In addition, a substantial amount of animal research is done for cosmetics, not to find cures for diseases, so this is unnecessary. Finally, it has also been proven that humans can get all the nutrients and vitamins that they need from green vegetables and fruit. Therefore, again, having to kill animals for food is not an adequate argument.

To sum up, although some people argue killing animals for research and food is ethical, I would argue there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate that this is not the case, and, therefore, steps must be taken to improve the rights of animals.

(Words 290) 


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A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words.

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