Science – A Blessing or A Curse?
The modern age is the age of science. The influence of science can be seen in every walk of life. Science has provided man with many amenities. The world has completely changed by the advance of science. In a way, the world has become a wonderland compared with the ancient world.
Science has made many significant contributions to human life. It has increased the happiness and comforts of man greatly. Science has made travel very comfortable and quick. Different modes of travel like motor cycles, buses, trains, ships and aeroplanes are available today. Improvements in the means of transport have led to the development of economy. Ships carry goods from one country to another, resulting in the progress of international trade. Aeroplanes have made the world much smaller. Within a few hours, one can travel thousands of miles and reach different corners of the world by means of aeroplanes. Fans and air conditioners help man a lot. Houses are lighted, cooled and heated with the latest scientific devices. Electricity is a boon to the modern world. All types of machinery can be run with it. The contributions of science to domestic life are many. Easy and quick methods of cooking and washing are available today. Food can also be preserved for a long time in the refrigerator.
The field of communication has been revolutionized by science. With the help of modern scientific devices like telephone and wireless telegraphy, one can talk with his friends and relatives thousands of miles away from him. Messages can be sent to different parts of the world within a few hours. Through radio broadcasts, messages can be conveyed to all parts of the world. On the television, voices can be heard and different scenes can be viewed. Any event which takes place in any part of the world can be watched by us while sitting in our own living rooms with the help of satellite communication. Scientific methods of cultivation have increased agricultural production. As a result, the problem of food scarcity is solved to a great extent. Very difficult jobs can be done by machines and thus science has reduced the burden of workers.
The contribution of science in the field of medicine is vital. Science has helped mankind to fight against many chronic diseases. It has lessened the sufferings and miseries of man. With the invention of new medicines, many incurable diseases can be cured now. The blessing of science in the field of surgery is remarkable. Operations can be carried out even on delicate parts of the human body like brain and heart. Transplantation of human organs like heart and kidney is possible today. Hidden diseases in the human body can be easily diagnosed with the help of X-rays and scanning facilities. Science has given sight to the blind, artificial legs to the lame, and hearing aids to the deaf. Contageous diseases like cholera, small-pox, plague and malaria can be controlled now. Besides these, science has given many means of entertainment to man. It is with the help of science that man has reached the moon and orbited the earth. He is now probing other planets like Mars.
When the blessings of science are innumerable, it has also brought much harm to man. In his search for scientific truth, man has not cared much to see if it would liave any adverse effect and this resulted in all forms of pollution. Modern scientific weapons have made the world into a fire-cracker shop. Science has produced highly destructive weapons like atom bombs, hydrogen bombs and nuclear bombs which can destroy the world in no time. Missiles have made modern wars deadly and horrible. So the modem man is insecure in the midst of all the blessings of science.
As a whole, there is nothing wrong with science. It is up to man to decide whether he wants to use it for peaceful or destructive purposes. Science can be turned into a blessing or curse. So man has to broaden his scientific outlook and see that the wonders of science should only help in making the world a better place to live in.
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We can argue that science is both a boon and a curse for humankind. I will make both arguments and you can decide which you find more compelling.
You can argue that science is a boon for humankind. This is because science has improved our lives in many ways. Perhaps the most obvious of these is the fact that science has allowed us to live longer. Because of scientific advances, we do not die of infections any more. Women rarely die in childbirth in advanced countries. Science has also made our lives easier. Scientific discoveries have given us airplanes that let us go on vacation, TVs that entertain us, and smart phones that both entertain us and let us communicate with others. In all of these ways and many more, science has made our lives easier and better.
You can also argue that science is a curse for humankind. Many scientific discoveries have ended up hurting people or the Earth in various ways. For example, science allowed us to have cars and electricity, but the fuel we burn to get these things has ended up causing global warming which could have very negative effects in the long term. Science was also used to invent gunpowder, which has been used to kill millions of people over the years. Finally, science allowed us to create nuclear weapons, which are a menace to people everywhere. These facts all make it look like science has been a curse.
Which of these arguments, on balance, makes more sense to you?