On August 15, 1947, India finally gained its independence and Nehru became the nation’s first prime minister. Amid the celebration of newly acquired freedom, there was also considerable turmoil. The mass displacement that followed partition into the separate nations of Pakistan and India, along with disputes over control of Kashmir, resulted in the loss of property and lives for several hundred thousand Muslims and Hindus.
Throughout his 17-year leadership, Nehru advocated democratic socialism and secularism and encouraged India’s industrialization beginning with the implementation of the first of his five-year plans in 1951, which emphasized the importance of increasing agricultural production. He also promoted scientific and technological advancements through the establishment of higher learning, and instituted various social reforms such as free public education and meals for Indian children, legal rights for women—including the ability to inherit property and divorce their husbands—and laws to prohibit discrimination based on caste.
During the Cold War, Nehru adopted a policy of non-alignment in which he professed neutrality, but was criticized when he refused to condemn the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956 and later requested foreign aid after China invaded India’s northern border in 1962. The conflict, known as the Sino-Indian War, had a deleterious effect on Nehru’s health, resulting in a severe stroke in January of 1964 and his death a few months later on May 27.
Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was a great person who loved children very much throughout his life. Students can be assigned in their school for writing essay on Jawaharlal Nehru. So, we have provided some easy paragraphs, long and short essays on this topic. They can select any Jawaharlal Nehru essay given below:
Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 1 (100 words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of the India. He was born on 14th of November in the year 1889 in the Allahabad. The name of his father was Moti Lai Nehru who was a prominent lawyer. He got his early education at home however went to England for getting higher studies and returned again to the country in 1912. He became a lawyer just like his father. Later he became involved in the India’s freedom movement with the Mahatma Gandhi. During the freedom movement he sent to jail several times however after independence of India in 1947 he became the first Prime Minister of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 2 (150 words)
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Indian prime minister. He was born in the Allahabad on 14th of November in 1889. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer. He also became a lawyer in the future after higher studies like his father. He joined the freedom movements of the India with the Mahatma Gandhi and later he successfully became the first prime minister of the India. He was very fond of children and loved them so much that’s why his birth anniversary means 14th of November has been declared as the Children’s Day in India.
Bal Swachhta abhiyan has also been run by the Indian government on the same day of his birthday anniversary for the children safety and health as well as show his love and affection towards children of India. His birth day is celebrated in India with big enthusiasm especially by the children. He was called by the children as Chacha Nehru.
Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 3 (200 words)
In India many people are born great and Jawaharlal Nehru was one of them. He was very great person who liked and loved children very much. He was very hard working and peaceful nature person. His father name was Motilal Nehru who was a prominent lawyer. Pt. Nehru was born in the Allahabad on 14th of November in 1889. He was very famous for his greatness and trustworthy person. He took his earlier study at home and went to England for the higher study. Later he returned to India and became a lawyer.
He joined the freedom movement of India with the Mahatma Gandhi and his hard works made him able to be the first Indian prime minister after the independence of India. He is remembered as a famous icon of the India. He was called as the Chacha Nehru by the children as he loved children so much. Because of his love and affection towards the children, Indian government has implemented two programmes named Children’s Day and Bal Swachhta abhiyan in India on his birthday anniversary (14th of November) to be celebrated every year for the wellness, safety and health of the children forever in India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 4 (250 words)
Jawaharlal Nehru was the son of a prominent lawyer named Motilal Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru took birth in the year 1889 on 14th of November in the Allahabad, India. He was blessed to become the first Prime Minister of Independent India later. His family was very influential political family where he got his earlier study and went to the England at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge for the higher studies and returned to India as a famous lawyer. His father was a lawyer however also interested in the Nationalist Movement as a prominent leader. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru also joined the country freedom movement with the Mahatma Gandhi and went to jail several times. The hard works of him made him able to become the first Indian prime minister and understand all the responsibilities towards the country. He got married to the Kamala Kaul in 1916 and became the father of a sweet little girl named Indira in 1917.
In the meeting of Indian National Congress he met to the Mahatma Gandhi in 1916. After the event of Jallianwala Bagh massacre he vowed to fight for India with the Britishers. Even after being criticised for his works, he became one of the most influential leaders of the freedom struggle. He became the longest and first serving Prime Minister of the India from 1947 to 1964. After serving the country with his great works, he died in the year 1964 on May 27 because of the stroke problem. He was a author also and written may famous books including his autobiography named Toward Freedom (1941).
Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 5 (300 words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a great person, leader, politician, writer and speaker. He loved children so much and was a great friend of the poor people. He always understood himself as the true servant of the people of India. He worked hard all through the day and night for making this country a successful country. He became the first Prime Minister of the Independent India and thus called as the architect of modern India. In India, many people born great and Chacha Nehru was one of them. He was the person having great vision, honesty, hard labour, sincerity, patriotism and intellectual powers.
He was the giver of a famous slogan as “Aram Haram Hai.” He became the first chairman of the National Planning Commission and two years later he started a National Development Council in order to improve the living standard of the Indian people to make better quality of life. The first Five Year Plan was launched and implemented in 1951 under his guidance. He was very fond of the children so has created many ways for the growth and development of them. Later Children’s Day was declared by the Indian government to be celebrated every year for the wellness of the children on his birthday anniversary. Currently, another programme named Bal Swachhta abhiyan has been launched by the Indian government to be celebrated on his birthday anniversary.
He always gave the priority to the improvement of the untouchables, people of weaker sections of society, right of women and children welfare. “Panchayati Raj” system was launched throughout the country in order to take great step in the right direction for the welfare of the Indian people. He publicized the “Panch Sheel” system in order to maintain the international peace and harmony with India and made India as one of the leading countries of the world.
Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 6 (400 words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is counted among the very famous personalities of the India and almost every Indian knows about him very well. He was very fond of the children and loved them much. Children of his time were used to of saying him as Chacha Nehru. He was the most popular national and international figure. He is considered as the maker of modern India because of his hardship during his first prime ministership of India. He became the first and longest serving prime minister of the country from the year 1947 till 1964. He took the responsibility of the India to lead it ahead just after the independence of the country.
He was born on 14th of November in 1889 at Allahabad, India to the Motilal Nehru. His father Motilal Nehru was a prominent and successful lawyer and very rich person of that time. He provided the environment to his son as a prince. Pt. Nehru took his earlier study at home in the observation of most efficient teacher. At his 15, he went to the England for higher studies at public school in Harrow and Cambridge University. He completed his degree in the year 1910 and joined law just like his father and truly he became a lawyer later. He started practising his law in the Allahabad High Court after his return to the country. He got married to the Kamala Kaul in the year 1916 at the age of 27 and became the father of Indira.
He saw that people of India were treated very badly by the Britishers then he promised to join the freedom movement and fight for India against the Britishers. His patriotic heart did not allow him to sit comfortably and forced him to join the Indian independence movement with the Bapu and finally he joined the Non-cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He had to go to the jail several times however did not fed up and continued his fight by suffering all the punishment cheerfully. Finally Indian got independence on 15th of August in 1947 and citizens of India selected him as a first Indian prime minister to lead the country in the right direction.
After his selection as the prime minister of India, he had created many ways to progress the country under his guidance. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (the late President) said about him that “The country is marching forward on the road of progress in the leadership of Panditiji”. Serving the country with his hardship, he died on 27th of May in 1964 because of the heart attack.
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