Five Kingdoms Assignment

The Five Kingdoms

Biologist today have classified and divided all living things into five groups they call Kingdoms. These kingdoms are based on how living things are the same and how they are different. It is important that you understand that biologists are still learning about our world, and are making new discoveries every single day. As our knowledge about the world around us improves, scientists might find a better way to organize and classify life. As a result, these five kingdoms may someday change.

 

This would not be the first time that such a change has been made. The first classification system developed 2,500 years ago by a Greek philosopher named Aristotle included only two groups, Plants and Animals. He further placed animals into three groups, those that fly, those that walk, and those that swim.

 

The five kingdoms currently accepted by most(but not all) scientists are the Monera Kingdom, the Protist Kingdom, the Fungi Kingdom, the Plant Kingdom, and the Animal Kingdom.

 

 

BIOLOGY                                                     Research Project: The 6 Kingdoms of Life

For this project you will be assigned one of the following Kingdoms of living things and a general category to focus your study. In addition to the 6 Kingdoms of organisms we will also explore viruses, our constant companions in the form of non-living psuedo-life.

 

                        Viruses                        Human Pathogens

           

                       Archaebacteria             Chemosynthetic Bacteria

                        Eubacteria                   Cyanobacteria

                                                            Human Pathogens

                        Protista                         Protoazoans

                                                            Human parasites

                        Fungi                            Mushrooms Molds and Rusts

                                                            Human Pathogens

                        Plants                          Cycads

                                                            Conifers

                                                            Flowering Plants

 

                        Animals                        From Sponges to Mammals

 

 

Each Group will be required to create an POWERPOINT. Each group will be required to use material garnered from internet resources. You should have a least 5 high quality images. You should have facts pertaining to your kingdom and its constituents included as text on the slides. Generallly speaking less is more. Do not have big lists of information on your slides.  Students will  present the POWERPOINT to the class outlining there findings. Students must include a simple handout that includes the major features of the Kingdom and 5 questions students can answer from the information in the POWEPROINT.

YOU MUST CREATE INVENT ONE SIMPLE WAY OR FACT TO REPRESENT YOUR KINGDOM!! GOOD LUCK

Some Organizing themes to consider in making your presentation:

            Common Body plan with distinguishing features

            Evolutionary History/ Phylogeny

            Life cycle

            Distribution and Niche

            Human Connections

 

 

 

Below is a relatively simple list of the major constitiuents of the 6 Kingdoms of Life. Feel free to use this as a point of departure in your work

I.          Archaebacteria

Organisms: Methanogens, Halophiles, Thermophiles, Psychrophiles

Cell Type:Prokaryotic

Metabolism: Depending on species - oxygen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, sulfur, sulfide may be needed for metabolism.

Nutrition Acquisition: Depending on species - nutrition intake may by absorption, non-photosynthetic photophosphorylation, or chemosynthesis.

Reproduction: Asexual reproduction by binary fission, budding, or fragmentation.

II.        Eubacteria

Organisms: Bacteria, Cyanobacteria(blue-green algae), Actinobacteria

Cell Type:Prokaryotic

Metabolism: Depending on species - oxygen may be toxic, tolerated, or needed for metabolism.

Nutrition Acquisition: Depending on species - nutrition intake may by absorption, photosynthesis, or chemosynthesis.

Reproduction:Asexual reproduction

III.       Protista

Organisms: Amoebae, green algae, brown algae, diatoms, euglena, slime molds

Cell Type:Eukaryotic

Metabolism: Oxygen is needed for metabolism.

Nutrition Acquisition: Depending on species - nutrition intake may be by absorption, photosynthesis, or ingestion.

Reproduction: Mostly asexual reproduction. Meiosisoccurs in some species.

IV.       Fungi

Organisms: Mushrooms, yeast, molds

Cell Type:Eukaryotic

Metabolism: Oxygen is needed for metabolism.

Nutrition Acquisition: Absorption

Reproduction:Asexual or sexualreproduction occur.

V.        Plantae

Organisms: Mosses, angiosperms(flowering plants), gymnosperms, liverworts, ferns

Cell Type:Eukaryotic

Metabolism: Oxygen is needed for metabolism.

Nutrition Acquisition: Photosynthesis

Reproduction: Some species reproduce asexually by mitosis. Other species exhibit sexual reproduction.

VI.       Animalia

Organisms:Mammals, amphibians, sponges, insects, worms

Cell Type:Eukaryotic

Metabolism: Oxygen is needed for metabolism.

Nutrition Acquisition: Ingestion

Reproduction:Sexual reproduction

 

           

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