...Between the 12th and 19th centuries, feudal Japan had an elaborate four tier class system. Unlike European feudal society, in which the peasants (or serfs) were at the bottom, the Japanese feudal class structure placed merchants on the lowest rung. Confucian ideals emphasized the importance of productive members of society, so farmers and fishermen had higher status than shop-keepers in Japan. At the top of the heap was the samurai class. The Samurai Class: Feudal Japanese society was dominated by the samurai warrior class. Although they made up only about 10% of the population, samurai and their daimyo lords wielded enormous power. When a samurai passed, members of the lower classes were required to bow and show respect. If a farmer or artisan refused to bow, the samurai was legally entitled to chop off the recalcitrant person's head. Samurai answered only to the daimyo for whom they worked. The daimyo, in turn, answered only to the shogun. There were about 260 daimyo by the end of the feudal era. Each daimyo controlled a broad area of land, and had an army of samurai. The Farmers / Peasants: Just below the samurai on the social ladder were the farmers or peasants. According to Confucian ideals, farmers were superior to artisans and merchants because they produced the food that all the other classes depended upon. Although technically they were considered an honored class, the farmers lived under a crushing tax burden for much of the feudal era. During the reign......
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...Practices Deploying VERITAS™ Backup™ Exec 10 and Auto-Snapshot Manager Abstract This Technical Report describes how to back up and restore NTFS volumes, Microsoft Exchange e-mail, and SQL databases using VERITAS Backup Exec 10, the EqualLogic Auto-Snapshot Manager for Windows VSS provider, and PS Series storage arrays. Copyright © 2005 EqualLogic, Inc. August 2005 EqualLogic is a registered trademark of EqualLogic, Inc. All trademarks and registered trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners. Possession, use, or copying of the documentation or the software described in this publication is authorized only under the license agreement specified herein. EqualLogic, Inc. will not be held liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. The information in this document is subject to change. PS Series Firmware Version 2.1 or later. ii Deploying VERITAS Backup Exec 10 and Auto-Snapshot Manager Table of Contents Technical Report and Software Revision Information......................................................... iv Introduction ............................................................................................................................1 Common Backup and Recovery Configurations ...................................................................2 Backup and Recovery Media .................................................................................................3 Backup to Disk and Restore......
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...Please answer these questions as you prepare your backup plan: 1. If your primary computer is unavailable, where will you be able to do your course work? Some topics to consider when answering this question are computer crashes, internet outages, and hours computers are available at other places (library, campus, etc.). 2. If my ISP is not responding or is too slow, where can I find another internet connection fast enough to complete any timed assignments? The bulk of the course work this semester doesn't need a high speed connection, but if you have a very slow modem connection you may need to find another connection when taking tests and quizzes. 3. Where will you keep copies or backups of all important class documents and assignments? If your computer crashes, you will still need access to material previously covered. 4. Where can I keep my ISP and Blackboard passwords secure, yes easily accessible, in case my memory fails? 5. What are the phone numbers for my computer manufacturer's and ISP's support desks in case I have computer and/or internet problems? Your instructor won't be able to troubleshoot computer and connection problems so you must be prepared. The numbers should be in a secure, easily accessible location. 6. What are the phone numbers for the CNM helpdesk and Embanet (phone help for Blackboard)? What are the web addresses for these help services? This information should be in a secure, easily accessible location. 1.......
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Backup Systems and Plans
...Backup Systems and Plans There are many reasons why you need to your home computer and there are just as many different scenarios on the best way to accomplish a complete PC backup solution. The one thing you need to keep in mind is that you do need a full backup of your computer if you have any valuable data stored on the hard drive. Computers do crash and there is a multitude of factors that could cause the crash. What is a Hard Drive Crash? You could have a hardware failure where your hard drive decides not to work anymore for any apparent reason. This happens more often than you would expect. Hard drive reliability should be a major concern. There is also the distinct possibility that your Operating System may just decide that it does not want to boot up anymore. It happens more often than you may think and you should be prepared for a fast recovery. Create a Computer Image or Clone The need for an image of your computer is a no-brainer. Whether you load a Windows Operating System yourself or buy a new computer, it may take you two or three-hours to get the PC just the way you want it. You need to load your favorite applications, set up your email account and download all of the security updates from Windows Update. After all that work is done, why would anyone want to do it again? Computers crash for various reasons. When your computer crashes, would you rather spend three-hours loading everything back up or a few minutes restoring an image? Most people would choose......
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Backup and Recovery Problem Statement
...First of all, the options for backup and recovery software are overwhelming. There are so many out there it seems difficult to center on a few that might be considered the best on the market. Some seem more geared to home backup and recovery while others seem better constructed for company use. Some are very costly, whereas, many can be downloaded as freeware. Depending on the user there is definitely software out there to meet their needs but it seems difficult for one to narrow down the abundance of options to choose one that will give them peace of mind. There is much to be said about the terminology of backup and recovery products. Terms such as storage, security and auto-backup are pretty self-explanatory. However, with terminology such as Asynchronous Replication and Deduplication, which both copy and store information in a unique way, a user could easily be lost in translation. After some research it is learned that a product such as “MyPc Backup” offers unlimited storage as well as support for less than ten dollars. It’s pretty straight forward without many frills but probably an excellent choice for home backup and recovery. On the other hand, companies with highly secure and crucial files may go with something like EMC’s Avamar. This product has all the bells and whistles one would expect from a top notch product including their deduplication storage solutions. Avamar seems to be pretty amazing software but depending on the plan purchased this product will cost......
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...Backup Database One of the most important tasks in maintaining a database is to ensure that all data is backed up. It is important to have data backups regularly and this is possible through SQL Server 2012. Policies and procedures need to be set in place in the event of a natural disaster, hardware loss or other unforeseen circumstances cause a loss in data. Database backup procedures need to be well defined and a copy of the backup needs to be stored at a secure location where it can be recovered. The loss of data to an organization can mean unnecessary delays in returning to normal business which in the end means loss of money. Within SQL Server 2012, there are two primary commands for backup, the primary command is BACKUP DATABASE (MSSQLtips.com, 2014). The BACKUP DATABASE command allows a backup to be completed of both databases and files (MSSQLtips.com, 2014). A full database backup includes all databases as well as the transaction log in case files are needed to be restored (Microsoft SQL Server, 2014). A full database backup is a mirror of the database at the time the backup finished. Backing up a large database can be time consuming as well as take up a lot of space. If backing up a large database is too time consuming, differential database backups can be completed (Microsoft SQL Server, 2014). It is important to note that for a full backup, it is not sufficient to just backup data but transaction logs must also be backed up (Microsoft SQL Server, 2014)....
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...most important things you can do to safeguard the data you create and store on your computer. To this end, Microsoft included a full backup and restore utility with Windows 7. Here’s how it works. Backing Up First you need to launch Windows' Backup and Restore utility. You will find it in the Control Panel by selecting first System and Security and then Backup and Restore. If you have never used this tool before, you'll see a message under 'Backup' that says 'Windows Backup has not been set up'. Click the link labeled Set up backup to the right of that message. After the program starts, it will prompt you to choose a location for it to store your backup files in. Windows won't let you choose your main hard drive as a backup drive; so if you haven’t already plugged in your external hard drive, do it now and click Refresh. After you've chosen the drive that you want to use for your backup, the program will ask you to identify what you want to back up. The default selection is to let Windows choose for you, and create a disk image at the same time. You can be much more selective, however, by clicking the radio button next to Let me choose. Once you've chosen what you want to back up, and where you want Windows to store it, the program will display a backup summary screen that confirms the options you selected. Before you run your backup, though, you'll probably want to take a look at the default schedule that Windows has set up for you, to confirm that your computer......
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...Oracle Backup There are two type of back • Cold backup (Offline) • Hot Backup (Export) Cold backup Procedure Setup 1. Copy backup from Source Check the Oracle version & Path Open Comd Prompt and typecomd Tnsping [database_name] Then type Sqlplus Type username /password @ DB name as sysdba Check the How many DB install on system Click on Start Button and type services.msc and press enter this screen display Press O and search Oracleservice[DB name] Stop the service Now press the stop button on the left side Now go to your Oracle home directory and open it . Go to DB directory and Copy the Folder and past to the backup path After finish the copy then start service of “Orlaceservice[DB Name] Your cold/hard back Complete. Restore the Backup (On Same Version and installation Path) Step 2. Create New DB Click Start Button and type dbca and press next Select Create Database and Press Next Select General Purpose and Press Next Type Globaldatabase and SID and Press Next Uncheck Configure the database with Enterprise Manager Enter the Password for Sys and System and press Next Select File System and Press Next Select Use Common Location for all database and click Browser Select the Path and Press Ok and then Next Uncheck Specify Flash Recovery Area Press next on simple Schemas Press Next Press Finish Press Ok Press Finish Database......
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Active Directory Backup
...1. Define the two types of backups supported by Active Directory. Describe the difference between each of these backup strategies; how they are implemented and what tools can be deployed to accomplish these tasks. Active directory has two different types of backups. They are NTBACKUP and Windows Server Backup. The Windows Server Backup is the only “all in one” type of backup. It allows you to work with Volume Shadow Copy Service snapshots in Active Directory. The Window’s Server Backup lets you backup to direct-attached disk volumes, network shares, external hard drives and even DVD’s. You are also able to utilize Group Policy settings to help keep the files safe from people who should not have access to them. The next backup option is NTBACKUP which is a file based backup tool but it has been replaced with the Windows Server Backup. 2. Explain fragmentation. Compare and contrast online defragmentation and offline defragmentation. Fragmentation is when parts of a file are saved in several different areas on the hard disk instead of all together. Online defragmentation is an automated defragmentation process that runs on a schedule. With online defragmentation the physical size of the database is not reduced. Offline defragmentation is just the opposite of online. Offline defragmentation is used to shrink the database size by removing the unused spaces. 3. What factors must be considered and planned to implement a successful Disaster Recovery Plan for a......
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...I run a software company called Tyrannical Smiles, out of San Jose, California. We focus on the ever growing video game industry. We have a series of successful science-fiction adventure role playing games that we have created, and are constantly upgrading the scenarios and adding new add ons all the time. We have a large customer base that is constantly growing and ordering more of our software as it becomes available. With this, we run into the situation of having their credit information on file as well as transaction histories that would be extremely detrimental to our company if they ever got lost or hacked. The way we have decided to backup our system is as soon as a customer uploads their information to make a purchase, it is immediately transferred into the system as a temporary file, at the end of each work day, we have all the temporary files transferred to our Cloud. The Cloud infrastructure allows for our company to securely share our files amongst one another, with also insuring that our information remains just that, ours. To guarantee that our Cloud isn’t hacked or if the server goes down or fails, our information isn’t lost, we have set the system to run with a Cloud Encryption Key rotation. We are using a split key encryption, meaning that I am the only one that has access to the key. No one including the government has access to this key. Be that as it may, security is always the number one priority for data so every month I change my......
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Windows Backup and Restore
...choose the Windows Server Backup Feature? c. Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in 3. How often should servers be backed up? d. This really depends on who is administering the network, but a good rule to follow is to do it in the same increment that passwords are done (90 days) 4. What are the different types of backup that are performed in servers? e. Full, Incremental, and Differential. There’s also a Daily type floating abound as well. 5. What are the primary purposes of backing up a server? f. So you don’t lose everything in the event that an incident happens 6. Besides performing and scheduling changes, what else can you do in the Windows XP Backup and Restore program? g. Actually conduct the backup. Whether it’s a few files, one program, or even the whole computer h. You can restore the system or network. 7. Can you restore a server’s operating system image using the restore application? i. Yes, but you have to have a copy (restore) of the OS before it went down and ensure that you have the proper hardware (either original or backup) 8. What are the options to perform backups within Windows XP? j. The options are based on the amount of information that you want to backup. i. Your own personal stuff ii. The group iii. Everything that resides here iv. Dealer’s Choice (they pick) 9. How much disk space did the backup of the server......
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Importance of Backup
...The Importance of Backup And how to do it TITLE: The Importance of data Backup And how to do it GENERAL PURPOSE: To inform and make other people aware of the issue of data loss and how to prevent it. SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To Educate about the need to backup your important data. CENTRAL IDEA: To educate and demonstrate the importance of backup. INTRODUCTION I. In the one year span of time that i have been working at Best Buy and watching computers come in for various problems the one that is the highest frequency is hard drive failure resulting in all data being lost. II. Today, I am going to talk to you about Data Backup and a few easy ways to do it. III. Anyone here have a digital camera? ... A lot of you right well I am guessing that most of you store all the pictures you take of family and friends on your computer onto its hard drive. IV. I have done much research with the Google and have have had to listen to some pretty sad stories concerning data loss from many customers. V. In the next few minutes, I will be talking to you about three main points: A. First, I will talk about why data backup is important in the first place. B. Second, I will talk about data these days is mostly stored on hard drives and while they have gotten a lot more reliable then they used to be they are not perfect. C. Finally, I will talk about backing up data can be achieved easily through a few simple ways. BODY I. Why data backup is important in the......
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...Backup/Restore Email from Outlook 2003 Backup Messages to a .pst File 1. On the File pull-down menu, click Import and Export. 2. Click Export to a file, and then click Next. 3. In the list, click "Personal Folder File (.pst)", and then click Next. 4. Click the folder that contains the messages you want to back up. If the folder contains a subfolder that you want to include, select the "Include Subfolders" check box, and then click Next. 5. Under "Save exported file as", click Browse, and then specify a name and location for your backup file, for example, Mail Backup. 6. If you back up a .pst file that you have backed up to before, click one of the following: * Replace duplicates with items exported. Existing data will be overwritten with the information in the file being exported. * Allow duplicate items to be created. Existing data will not be overwritten, and duplicate information will be added to the backup file. * Do not export duplicate items. Existing data will be kept, and the duplicate information in the folder will not be copied to the backup file. 1. Click Finish. Restore a backup .pst email file 1. On the File pull-down menu, point to Open, and then click Outlook Data File. 2. Click the .pst file you want to open, and then click OK. The name of the folder associated with the data file appears in the Folder List (Folder List: Displays the folders available in your mailbox. To view subfolders,......
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...IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION IN MODERN WORLD In the modern city, education is essential for every child. Education is a preparation for students before entering the society. School play the important role in educates and provoke the talent of the young generation to become a successful person in the future. Parents pinned their hopes, ambitions, and dream on their children. With this in mind, many parents try their best to let their children enroll in high qualification school. High qualification school will provide the good learning facilities, good learning atmosphere and environment to students. According to the historical record, the famous Chinese philosopher Mencius moved home three times due to his mother wants Mencius to improve his education. Besides, Kautilya, he is a philosopher, royal adviser, professor of economics and political science in India. He sufficient emphasis on the importance of education. Another key thing to remember that even a poor family also insists that send their children to school to get an education. In this day and age, provides a good education to every child is a contentious issue. Hence, the three discussion of the importance of education in the modern world is to change people’s life , to improve personal development and to innovative and improve technology. The importance of education is to change people’s Life. According to Anonymous (2012), education not only to get a job and also let people to leading a better future......
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Online Storage Backup Systems
...Online Storage Backup Systems CIS 512 8 June 2012 Table of contents Executive Summary…………………………………………………..3 Background…………………………………………………………..4 Current State of Technology…………………………………………7 Report of this Research………………………………………………9 Summary…………………………………………………………….11 References…………………………………………………………...12 Executive Summary Everything we do today in our private lives and in the business world has moved online. The amounts of data stored have increased exponentially over the years. The need for reliable data storage has also increased over the years. The media and methods in which we store our data has become as important as any other technology. As technology has advanced, more and more data is being stored and having reliable means of storage has become a challenge that IT professionals will continue to deal with in the future. In this paper, I will outline the different types of backups that have been used over the years. I will talk about how data backup and storage has move to an online arena. Finally I will talk about cloud storage and cloud computing. I will discuss how cloud computing will become the future of how we operate in the online world. Background The need for backing up data has existed for as long as we have been using computers. When we first started using computers, data was stored on floppy disks or tape drives. In the beginning the amounts of......
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Clive Robinson • May 1, 2013 8:19 AM
@ Jan Willem de Vries,
With regards the Tao it appears to have outlived it's final head /purpose of pushing the Veracity data integrity backup solution ;-)
I must admit I did use Veracity many moons ago (because I had to) but for the life of me I cannot remember what happend to it (I vaugely remember that the company got sold or some such).
And that raises an issue that people forget about which is what happens to your valuable data backups when the technology / software is nolonger supported...
Afterall backup software is just an application like any other which comes and goes in the blink of an eye with updates every few months. Likwise hardware for instance who remembers 100MByte Zip drives? What about Bernoli tape drives or 12inch optical WORM drives? As for mag tapes they realy don't age well the state of the magnetic poles migrates through the carrier medium to produce echos and other degredation issues.
It has been pointed out that due to this you should copy your backups from one technology to another every year or two. But few doe this and considerably less realise that just copying is insufficient...
This is because there is another issue unless your data is stored in a truely open / known format it can be virtualy worthless in quite a short time. This is due to proprietry data file formats and rapid update cycles on them in major application software suites (which many have suggested is a way to force you to upgrade at great expense).
Oh and don't think keeping old copies of the software is going to work for you... Because in most cases word proc and other WYSIWUG applications there's the problem of hardware drivers for the likes of printers and even the OS etc.
I've always had a policy of storing data backups in the available format closest to plain text when you examine the actual data file. In the case of Word Proc docs on MessDross / Windoze boxes it would be the likes of Rich Text Format (I also keep Postscript printer files as well). Which has the advantage of enabling you to rip out the "raw text" using fairly simple software tools you can build with scripts on most *nix boxes. Thus even if parts of the file become corupted you still get the bulk of it back, which if you also have a paper copy alows you to rebuild it with minimal effort. Likewise saving spread sheets and databse files in Commer Seperated Value (CSV) format.
These psudo text files have other advantages, one of which is often you can check them in and out of your favourite Code Managment Repository which when making major documents like manuals and books can be a god send.
The point is thinking about backups is a major issue where longevity of the data is to be considered. Because you need to capture not just the raw bits and bytes, but the meta-data that turns them back to data, then the meta-meta-data that makes the data meaningfull, then the meta-meta-meta-data that restores the subjective meaning such as formating and layout positioning etc (hence the keeping of postscript printer files as well).
And to be honest I've found what is best at this sort of thing is what is in effect handbuilt solutions using standard *nix command line tools / filters and shell scripts. I can still recover (and have done) WordStar and Word Perfect pre Win 3 files and even engineering CAD files from the 1980's. As such the systems I built have outlasted most (if not all) proprietry solutions I've ever used.
As was once pointed out to me many moons ago,
"There's one heck of a lot more to being a good system administrator than being a Windows point and click pleb".