The Design Argument Essay Powerpoint

Presentation on theme: "The Cosmological and Teleological Arguments ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cosmological and Teleological Arguments ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD

2 Review the material covered last lesson. Quick Quiz: -Can you prove the existence of the desk you are sitting at? How certain will be your proof? -Can you disprove the existence of God? How certain will be your disproof?

3 THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274): The argument from the First Cause and the Unmoved Mover. The Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument Watch and take notes!

4 Homework: Research and write up on Thomas Aquinas: Who he was, where, when etc. What did he do and achieve. Half a page to a page – in your words!

5 Summarise on the page: What did I learn? What went well? What could be improved?

6 The Teleological Argument for the Existence of God 14 March 2014

7 Lesson Plan: Review and refresh the last lesson Get the hang of the teleological argument Review and reflect on what we learned

8 Review the material covered last lesson (3 min). Quick Quiz: -Write a short paragraph on Aquinas (main facts). -Explain the cosmological argument. Review and refresh the last lesson

9 THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT William Paley (1743- 1805): The Argument from Design. The Teleological Argument The Teleological Argument Watch and take notes!

10 Homework: Choose EITHER the cosmological or the teleological argument. Explain it. Research and come up with possible counter- arguments. Evaluate if you are convinced by it and why.

11 Summarise on the page: What did I learn? What went well? What could be improved? Review and reflect on what we learned

12 Arguing with the Arguments for the Existence of God 20 March 2014

13 Lesson Plan: Review and refresh the arguments for the existence of God Debate and discuss them Review the conclusions

14 Do the Cosmological and Teleological Arguments Prove that God Exists? The First Cause Argument 1 5 10 (1 = Certainly not – 10 = Definitely) Explain why (write a paragraph): _________________________________ _________________________________

15 Do the Cosmological and Teleological Arguments Prove that God Exists? The Design Argument 1 5 10 (1 = Certainly not – 10 = Definitely) Explain why (write a paragraph): _________________________________ _________________________________

16 Team up in Groups of up to Three Discuss your ideas Come up with your shared position Be ready to share with class AS TEAMS PRESENT, TAKE NOTES OF THEIR ARGUMENTS

17 Do the Cosmological and Teleological Arguments Prove that God Exists? The First Cause Argument 1 5 10 (1 = Certainly not – 10 = Definitely) Did you change your mind? How? ________________________ The Design Argument 1 5 10 (1 = Certainly not – 10 = Definitely) Did you change your mind? How? ___________________________

18 Summarise on the page: What did I learn? What went well? What could be improved? Review and reflect on what we learned

19 The Argument from Religious Experience ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD 28 March 2014

20 Homework for 3 April “Religious experience proves that God exists.” Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion and explain why some people may disagree with you. (6 marks)

21 To know the arguments for the existence of God and be able to critically evaluate them. E/F I know examples and a definition of religious experience. C/D I can explain how religious experience can be used to argue that God exists. A/B I can evaluate (form an opinion of) this argument.

22 Review the material covered in the last lessons (5 min). This is the time to ask me or your partner if you do not understand something. Quick Quiz Write a short paragraph on the following question (5 min). The Big Bang theory: how does it relate to the Cosmological Argument? Does it challenge it? Does it support it? Does it make no difference to it? Tell what you think and explain why.

23 What is “religious experience”? With a partner, come up with and write down as many examples of religious experiences as you can. 2 min. As we share, write down all the examples you did not think of.

24 With a partner, discuss and write down a definition of religious experience. Be ready to feedback in 5 min.

25 Religious Experience: An exceptional life-changing event in which a person encounters a greater reality. A sense of greater reality in the daily lives of hundreds of millions of people worldwide.

26 The Argument from Religious Experience: People’s experiences must correspond to some reality. E.g. an experience of eating a sandwich corresponds to the reality of a sandwich Religious experience must correspond to the reality of God. Therefore, God exists.

27 Get into groups, discuss and debate: Are you persuaded by the Argument? If yes, why? If no, why not? If undecided, what are the pros and cons? Write up your response in your books and be prepared to present it. 10 min.

28 Your response structure: We agree/disagree/undecided re. the Argument We do so because: a)b)c) Conclusion

29 Plenary: Each team will present their arguments Listeners, note down any new arguments in your books

30 Review your books and summarise on the page: What grade do you think you achieved today? What did you learn? What went well? What could have had been better? To know the arguments for the existence of God and being able to critically evaluate them. E/F I know examples and a definition of religious experience. C/D I can explain how religious experiences can be used to argue that God exists. A/B I can evaluate (form an opinion of) these arguments.

31 A Revision ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD 3 April 2014

32 Homework Explain the reasons some people might give for believing that the world was NOT designed by God. (3 marks)

33 ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT By Thomas Aquinas The argument of the Unmoved Mover and the First Cause: 1. Everything that moves was set in motion by something else. The chain of causes cannot go back infinitely. What set it off, the Unmoved Mover, is what we call God. 2. Everything that exists owes its existence to something else. The chain of causes cannot go back infinitely. What set it off, the First Cause, is what we call God. THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT By William Paley The argument from Design and Fine Tuning: 1. Everything in nature appears to be purposefully and intricately designed. Design requires a Designer. 2. The Universe is fine-tuned to such an unimaginable degree that the probability of its existence is virtually nil. The most likely explanation is what we call God. THE ARGUMENT FROM RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE - People’s experiences must correspond to some reality. - Religious experience must correspond to the reality of God. - Therefore, God exists.

34 1.Which is the most convincing argument? Why? 2.Which is the least convincing argument? Why? 3.How strong would be the case for the existence of God if you combined all three arguments? 4.Are you persuaded that God exists? State your opinion and explain it.

Побойся Бога, Мидж. Я же сказал тебе… - Но это была не Мидж. Джабба удивленно заморгал.  - Соши.

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